फ़ोनेटिक् कीबोर्ड असाइनमेंट्स् (मराठी भाषेंत)

last updated 20120309


First, मराठी should be among the indic languages installed on your system, with the phonetic keyboard layout (in addition to perhaps other indic languages and/or other keyboard layouts). It's easy to do under GNU/linux. For example, under Ubuntu:


         1. System | Administration | Language Support etc etc.    (I chose iBus, then chose Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Marathi, Sanskrit, etc.  I've installed several keyboard layouts for these indic languages. itrans, inscript, and  phonetic for both ગુજરાતી  and मराठी. I've installed itrans, kgp and inscript for ಕನ್ನಡ.)

         2. System | Preferences | iBus preferences     (The default iBus preferences cause ctl-spacebar to change the script I'm using. That makes it easy to switch between scripts in mid-sentence.)

The main complaint I have about this assignment is that I haven't found the पूर्णविराम in the keyboard assignment shown below. It will be noticed that the '.' key produces the दण्ड ( ) which ends Hindi sentences. (btw, the shifted '.' key yields the नुक्ता. See below.)  To obtain the मराठी पूर्णविराम, I have to ctl-spacebar to switch to the standard English keyboard; press the '.' key to produce the English fullpoint; and ctl-spacebar again to get back to मराठी . It was a crock, but I soon got used to this minor inconvenience.

And now, here are the (phonetic) मराठी keyboard assignments for the 4 rows of keys :




(phonetic) keyboard assignment for मराठी

(For each key, the shifted character is shown above the unshifted character)







ज्ञ
&
श्र
(
)
_
+










-
=






















ि





























                                                                                                               ______
                                                                                                              |          नुक्ता
                                                                                                              v

क्ष















,




And here is the same phonetic keyboard, with each shifted character shown after the unshifted:

ॆऎ  १ऍ  २ॅ  ३ऑ  ४ॉ  ५ञ  ६ज्ञ  ७&  ८श्र  ९(  ०)  -_  =+

ओऔ  टठ  ेै  रृ  तथ  यय़  ुू   िी  ोौ  पफ  डढ  ऋऱ  ॊऒ 

ाआ  सश  दध  ्अ  गघ  हः  जझ  कख  लळ  इई  उऊ  

ङँ  षक्ष  चछ  वऴ  बभ  नण  मं  ,ऩ  ।़  एऐ 
                                                           ^
                                                                                                            |______  नुक्ता


                                                                                                                                                                                नुक्ता 'softens' many consonants.
                                                                                                                                             उदाहरणार्थः फ़ैय्याज़ हुसैन ख़ाँ  यांत ३ नुक्ते आहेत.

विशिष्ट अक्षरें :

ऽ     (U+093d)    अवग्रह (उच्चार लांबविणारें कॅरॅक्टर)
ृ    (U+0943)    to make, e.g., कृ
ॄ    (U+0944)
ॐ    (U+0950)
    (U+0965)    दुहेरी दण्ड (उदा. ध्रु ৹)
ॲ    (U+0972)
৹      (U+09f9)    हें
कॅरॅक्टर बाँगला लिपीकडून उच़ललेलें आहे ... (उदा. ध्रु ৹)

These are entetred using their Unicode location assignments shown above. These locations are expressed as 4 hexadecimal digits.

e.g., the 'अवग्रह' character is produced by:      make sure you are not in the devanagari font
                                                                       ctl-shift-u
                                                                       type the 4 hex digits, e.g. 093d
                                                                       > Enter <

Similarly, ॐ is produced by
                           make sure you are not in the devanagari font
                                                                       ctl-shift-u
                                                                       type the 4 hex digits  0950
                                                                       > Enter <

वरील  " विशिष्ट अक्षरें " छापतांना पुढील देवनागरी यूनिकोड तक्त्यांतून code locations वापरलीं आहेत :

देवनागरी यूनिकोड
:

  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+090x  
U+091x
U+092x
U+093x     ि
U+094x    
U+095x

     
U+096x
U+097x                   ग॒ ज॒   ड॒ ब॒



सरावाकरितां कांहीं उदाहरणें :

For practice, here are the keystrokes (under the above keyboard assignment) for some मराठी शब्द :


मराठी  शब्द
keystrokes (under मराठी phonetic)


कमल नमन कर kml nmn kr
काका, मला वाचवा kaka, mla vacva
संप्रदाय sMpfrday
औषधि QxDi
पाऱ्याच़ें कार्य
pa}fyac>eM karfy
ऑक्सिडेंटल् #kfsi[eMwlf
धृतराष्ट्र
DRtraxfwfr
धृष्टद्युम्न DRxfwdfyumfn
ॐकारप्रधान {enter (or cut-and-paste) 'ॐ ' from विशिष्ट अक्षरें above, followed by} karpfrDan
सूपरकॅलीफ़्रॅजीलिस्टिक् एक्स्पीआलीडोशस्
sUprk@lIP>fr@jIlisfwikf /kfsfpIAlI[oSsf
फ़ैय्याज़ हुसैन ख़ाँ P>Eyfyaj> husEn K>aZ
आम्हीं मराठी, आमची भाषा मात्र इंग्रजी ! AmfhIM mraWI, AmcI Baxa matfr ;MgfrjI  ctl-spacebar !




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